Cyprus is an island nation in the Mediterranean Sea, located south of Turkey and west of Syria. The island has a long history, dating back to the Bronze Age. Cyprus was once part of the Roman Empire, and later became a British colony. In 1960, Cyprus gained independence from Britain. The island is divided into two main regions: the Greek Cypriot-controlled south and the Turkish Cypriot-controlled north. The capital city of Cyprus is Nicosia. The population of Cyprus is approximately 1.1 million people. The official languages of Cyprus are Greek and Turkish. English is also widely spoken. Cyprus is a popular tourist destination, known for its sandy beaches, clear waters, and Mediterranean climate. Visitors can also explore ancient ruins, castles, monasteries, and museums. Cyprus is a beautiful island with much to offer tourists and residents alike.